Traffic Interception with WCCP
WCCP is a tunneling method. Since a tunnel could be built using any two devices the configurations have been separated into endpoint configurations.
L2 tunneling is best suited for when the proxy is directly connected to the router. Since Layer-2 is a level below TCP/IP it can be treated as equivalent to Policy Routing at the IP layer and requires only routing configuration on the receiving proxy machine.
GRE tunneling is suitable for situations where the packets need to traverse multiple other devices before reaching the proxy. This requires a GRE interface configured on the receiving proxy to decapsulate the tunnel in addition to routing configuration on the receiving proxy machine.
Some older Cisco device types (notably ASA) place additional limitations on which method they support. Recent IOS versions mayexpand them to allow either method - or may not, check your Cisco device documentation carefully.
Router WCCP end-point
Squid WCCP end-point
Traffic Interception by Policy Routing
Alternative to tunneling. Policy Routing is a method of passing traffic directly to the interceptor unaltered.
Traffic Interception capture into Squid
Once the packets reach the Squid box they still need passing into Squid. This is done by the NAT infrastructure of the operating system firewall.