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🔗 Configuring a Cisco IOS 12.4(6) T2 with WCCPv2 Interception

🔗 Outline

This configuration passes web traffic (port 80 only) over WCCPv2 to another box for handling. It is expected the that the box will contain squid or other proxy for processing the traffic.

The router runs cisco IOS 12.4(6)T2 ADVSECURITY, and I have a sub-interface on my FastEthernet port as the switch-router link is a trunk

🔗 Cisco IOS 12.4(6) T2 router

ip wccp web-cache
ip cef
interface FastEthernet0/0.2
 description Link to internal LAN
 encapsulation dot1Q 2
 ip address
 ip access-group outboundfilters in
 no ip proxy-arp
 ip wccp web-cache redirect in
 ip inspect fw-rules in
 ip nat inside
 ip virtual-reassembly
 no snmp trap link-status

🔗 Squid configuration for WCCP version 2

All the squid.conf options beginning with wccp2_* apply to WCCPv2 only

🔗 Squid configuration

$IP-OF-ROUTER is used below to represent the IP address of the router sending the WCCP traffic to Squid.

http_port 3129 intercept
wccp2_router $IP-OF-ROUTER
wccp2_forwarding_method gre
wccp2_return_method gre
wccp2_service standard 0 password=foo

🔗 Squid box OS configuration

modprobe ip_gre
ip tunnel add wccp0 mode gre remote $ASA-EXT-IP local $SQUID-IP dev eth0

ifconfig wccp0 $SQUID-IP netmask up

disable rp_filter, or the packets will be silently discarded

echo 0 >/proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/wccp0/rp_filter
echo 0 >/proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/eth0/rp_filter

enable ip-forwarding and redirect packets to squid

echo 1 >/proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_forward
iptables -t nat -A PREROUTING -i wccp0 -p tcp --dport 80 -j REDIRECT --to-port 3129
iptables -t nat -A POSTROUTING -j MASQUERADE

🔗 Troubleshooting

🔗 IOS 12.4 (6)-(9) T dropping packets

In this release of IOS software that I am running (12.4(6)T2 and 12.4(9)T) you MUST NOT have ip inspect fw-rules in on the same interface as your ip wccp web-cache redirect statement.

I opened a TAC case on this as it is clearly a bug and regression from past behaviour where WCCP did work fine with IP inspection configured on the same interface. This turned out to be confirmed as a bug in IOS, which is documented as CSCse55959.

The cause of this is TCP fragments of traffic being dropped by the ip inspection process - fragments which should not even be inspected in the first place. This bug does not occur on the PIX which works fine with the same network design and configuration. If you would like this bug fixed, please open a cisco TAC case referencing this bug report and encourage cisco to fix it.

⚠️ Disclaimer: Any example presented here is provided "as-is" with no support
or guarantee of suitability. If you have any further questions about
these examples please email the squid-users mailing list.

Categories: ConfigExample

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