Logging usernames when using passthrough authentication

Warning: Any example presented here is provided "as-is" with no support or guarantee of suitability. If you have any further questions about these examples please email the squid-users mailing list.


Squid can log usernames for each request made. But it will only do this if an ACL demands authentication and an authentication method is configured. If an upstream proxy requires authentication, and you require username logging, chances are you will not have access to the upstream password database (or you could probably just check the logs there instead).

Silent Authentication Demand

To make squid 'demand' authentication details for logging this small hack needs to be used:

acl dummyAuth proxy_auth REQUIRED
http_access deny !dummyAuth all

Remember that http_access order is very important. If you allow access without the "dummyAuth" acl, you won't get usernames logged.

One of the following authentication helpers is also needed to ensure that login details are available for use when that demand is made.

Basic Authentication

Dummy Auth Helpers

Since Squid is only supplied with real authentication helpers (at the time of writing), you pretty much need to make your own. I simply cut down a supplied one to suite. It simply does NO authentication, and replies "OK" to any username/password combination. This could probably be improved upon by someone with knowledge of C. For example, the "#define ERR" line is probably not necessary.

/* dummy_auth.c
 * AUTHOR: Tim Bates
 * Dummy authentication program for Squid, based on the
 * getpwnam_auth.c example program supplied with Squid.

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>

#define ERR    "ERR\n"
#define OK     "OK\n"

int main()
    char buf[256];
    struct passwd *pwd;
    char *user, *passwd, *p;

    setbuf(stdout, NULL);
    while (fgets(buf, 256, stdin) != NULL) {


You can compile this on most Linux by saving the content to a file called "dummy_auth.c" and running "gcc dummy_auth.c -o dummy_auth". Windows users will need to find a C compiler on their own (I believe GCC is also available for Windows, but I can't be sure).

Squid Configuration File

Now that you have a dummy_auth program, you can tell Squid how to use it. This section defines the authentication helper and related settings.

auth_param basic program /usr/lib/squid/dummy_auth
auth_param basic children 10
auth_param basic realm My Proxy
auth_param basic credentialsttl 1 hours
auth_param basic casesensitive off

NTLM Authentication

Squid provides a helper fakeauth to do the NTLM handshake and authentication challenges needed. The helper always returns OK whatever the result.

Squid Configuration File

auth_param ntlm program /usr/lib/squid/fakeauth
auth_param ntlm children 10
auth_param ntlm realm My Proxy
auth_param ntlm credentialsttl 1 hours
auth_param ntlm casesensitive off


ConfigExamples/Authenticate/LoggingOnly (last edited 2009-02-04 07:18:08 by AmosJeffries)